10 dramatic discoveries about Earth from 2023

With climate change continuing to affect our planet and mitigating measures lagging, 2023 has been another eventful year for Earth. Broken records, unparalleled weather disasters and some concerning studies have made the headlines this year. Here are some of the most significant stories about planet Earth in 2023. 

1. Hottest summer on record

A world map of global temperatures in July 2023. (Image credit: NASA)

The summer of 2023 was the hottest summer since records began in 1880, NASA announced in September. Global warming, fueled by rising concentrations of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere, received an extra boost this year from El Niño, a climate pattern that affects the distribution of warm seawater in the Pacific Ocean and thus the precipitation and temperatures all over the world.